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Are you considering the PCB group for your education? Welcome, students who are inclined towards Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. The choice of our educational stream in high school and beyond plays a pivotal role in shaping our future. Many students opt for PCB with the intention of pursuing a career in medicine. However, only a few are aware of the excellent and well-compensated non-medical career paths that are readily available. So, whether you are a 10th-grade student contemplating the PCB stream or a 12th-grade student grappling with the question, “What are my options after 12th if I don’t want to pursue the medical field?” — this information is helpful for you.

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World’s Leading Institutions in Life Sciences and Medicine

In addition to these international institutions, many countries have well-regarded colleges and universities that offer excellent programs in the PCB fields.

Top 10 PCB Institutions in India

Please note that this list is not exhaustive, and there are many other excellent colleges and universities across India offering PCB-related programs.

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Doctor

Highly trained medical expert providing diagnosis, treatment, and compassionate care to improve patients' health and well-being.

Being a doctor is a globally respected profession centered on saving and enhancing lives. As a doctor, your role involves diagnosing and treating illnesses, offering preventive healthcare guidance, and, at times, performing surgical procedures. The journey begins with earning an MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) degree, followed by pursuing postgraduate specialization in a specific medical field. Further super-specialization can lead to careers as cardiologists, neurologists, gynecologists, and more. Success in this profession necessitates unwavering dedication, a strong academic foundation, effective patient communication skills, and a commitment to lifelong learning.

Qualification: MBBS degree, followed by specialization through MD or MS.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 10 to 18 lakhs per annum.

Dentist

Oral health specialist, teeth and gum care, preventive dentistry, restorative procedures, promoting healthy smiles and hygiene.

Dentistry offers a promising career path for those passionate about oral healthcare. Dentists play a vital role in diagnosing and addressing issues related to a patient’s teeth, gums, and mouth. They provide crucial guidance on oral hygiene, covering aspects such as diet, brushing, flossing, and the use of fluorides. Dentists also perform procedures like treating tooth decay, filling cavities, repairing fractured teeth, and even orthodontic treatments for teeth straightening. To pursue a career in dentistry, you must complete a Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS Course) degree. Additionally, there are opportunities for specialization in areas like Orthodontics, Periodontics, or Oral Surgery.

Educational Requirement: Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS).

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 3 to 6 lakhs per annum.

Medical Lab Technician

Skilled lab professional, analyze samples, conduct tests, assist in diagnosing diseases, ensuring accurate medical information for treatment.

Medical Laboratory Technicians, often unsung heroes in healthcare, play a crucial role in disease diagnosis and treatment. They conduct various tests on patient samples, aiding doctors in pinpointing health conditions. These tests vary from routine screenings to complex assessments for diseases like HIV/AIDS, diabetes, and cancer. To embark on a career as a Medical Lab Technician, you’ll need to earn a degree or diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology.

Qualification: Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology (DMLT), B Voc in MLT, or B.Sc. in Medical Laboratory Technology (MLT).

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 2 to 3 lakhs per annum.

Operation Theatre Technician

Surgical suite specialist, prepare and maintain equipment, assist in surgeries, ensuring a sterile and efficient environment.

Operation Theatre Technicians are crucial in the surgical process, as they prepare the operating room, sterilize equipment, assist surgeons during procedures, and manage various surgical tasks. Their responsibilities encompass a wide range of surgical equipment and procedures, contributing to a safe surgical environment and providing vital assistance during operations. To pursue a career in this field, one should obtain a degree or diploma in Operation Theatre Technology.

Qualification: Diploma in Operation Theatre Technology (DOTT), B Voc in OT Technician, or B.Sc. in Operation Theatre Technology.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 2 to 4 lakhs per annum.

Pharmacist

Medication expert, dispense prescriptions, offer health advice, ensure safe drug use, critical in patient care.

Pharmacists are experts in the field of medicine and its therapeutic applications. In this role, you would dispense prescriptions to patients based on doctor’s orders, provide guidance on proper medication usage, potential side effects, and address patient inquiries. Pharmacists also consult with healthcare professionals on medication selection and effects. To pursue a career as a pharmacist, you’ll need to successfully complete a Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm) program and register with the state Pharmacy Council.

Qualification: Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm).

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 2 to 5 lakhs per annum.

Clinical Researcher

Scientific investigator, conduct clinical studies, gather data, analyze results, advance medical knowledge, contribute to improved treatments.

Clinical Researchers play a pivotal role in advancing medical knowledge by designing and conducting studies on human diseases and their treatments. Their responsibilities encompass developing trial protocols, designing data collection methods, patient recruitment, trial monitoring, and result interpretation. To embark on a career in clinical research, one can pursue a degree in fields like medicine, pharmacy, life sciences, or biotechnology. Further specialization is often achieved through Master’s or Ph.D. programs.

Qualification: Typically begins with a B.Sc. in Clinical Research and Molecular Biology, followed by postgraduate degrees for enhanced career prospects.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 3 to 6 lakhs per annum.

Nutritionist/ Dietitian

Nutrition expert, assess dietary needs, provide personalized plans, promote healthy eating habits, support overall well-being.

Nutritionists and dietitians are healthcare professionals with expertise in diet, nutrition, and food. They provide guidance on healthy eating habits and help individuals achieve specific health-related goals. These professionals can work in various settings, including hospitals, public health clinics, or sports organizations, and may specialize in areas like pediatric nutrition or diabetic diets. The first step in this career path typically involves earning a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) degree in Nutrition and Dietetics, often followed by postgraduate studies and supervised practical experience.

Qualification: Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Nutrition and Dietetics.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 3 to 5 lakhs per annum.

Nurse

Compassionate healthcare provider, patient care, administer treatments, monitor vital signs, crucial role in medical teams.

Nurses play a pivotal role in healthcare, offering care to patients across various healthcare settings. Their responsibilities encompass monitoring vital signs, administering medications, assisting in medical procedures, and providing emotional support to patients and their families. To become a registered nurse, one must complete a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) or a related field and successfully pass a national licensing examination.

Qualification: Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Nursing.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 2 to 5 lakhs per annum.

Psychologist/ Counselor

Mental health professional, offer therapy and counseling, support emotional well-being, help individuals cope with life challenges.

Psychologists delve into the intricacies of human behavior and the mind, while counsellors assist individuals in coping with personal challenges and mental health issues. They operate in diverse settings like schools, hospitals, businesses, and government agencies, with specializations ranging from clinical psychology to educational and organizational psychology. To pursue a career as a psychologist or counsellor, one usually completes a Bachelor’s degree in Psychology, followed by a Master’s degree and/or a Postgraduate Diploma in counselling, depending on their specific career aspirations.

Qualification: Typically involves a Bachelor’s degree in Psychology, followed by a Master’s degree and/or a Postgraduate Diploma in counselling.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 2 to 5 lakhs per annum.

Biotechnologist

Biotechnology expert, apply science to develop products, improve processes, and contribute to advancements in various fields.

Biotechnologists operate at the intersection of biology and technology, harnessing modern molecular biology techniques to manipulate the genetic material of living organisms. This field finds diverse applications spanning healthcare, agriculture, and more, offering potential roles in pharmaceutical companies, research institutes, and agricultural firms. As a biotechnologist, your work may involve genetically engineering bacteria to produce human insulin, developing disease-resistant crops, or creating innovative biodegradable materials. Typically, a degree in biotechnology or a related life science field with a biotechnology specialization is required.

Qualification: Usually begins with a B.Sc. in Biotechnology, followed by advanced studies like M.Sc. and Ph.D. for enhanced career opportunities.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 3 to 6 lakhs per annum.

Geneticist

Genetics specialist, study genes and heredity, explore genetic disorders, contribute to understanding and advancements in medicine.

Geneticists specialize in the study of genes, heredity, and genetic variation in organisms. They investigate how traits pass from one generation to the next and how they differ among individuals and populations. Geneticists engage in diverse activities, from researching genetic diseases to developing gene therapies and breeding plants and animals. They typically work in research positions within universities, healthcare institutions, or agricultural companies. To excel in this field, one typically starts with a Bachelor’s degree in Genetics, followed by advanced studies at the Master’s or Ph.D. level.

Qualification: Bachelor’s degree in Genetics, followed by a Master’s degree or Ph.D. in Genetics.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 3 to 6 lakhs per annum.

Microbiologist

Microbiology expert, study microorganisms, analyze their behavior, develop treatments, and contribute to research in healthcare and industry.

Microbiologists specialize in the study of the tiniest living organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, algae, and protozoa. Their research delves into the characteristics of these microorganisms, their habitats, and their interactions with plants, animals, and other microbes. Microbiologists find opportunities in various sectors, including research institutions, healthcare, food and beverage industries, and environmental organizations. Their work may involve developing new drugs, monitoring disease spread, or enhancing agricultural productivity. Typically, a degree in microbiology or a related life science discipline is a prerequisite.

Qualification: Typically starts with a B.Sc. in Microbiology, followed by advanced studies like M.Sc. and Ph.D. for research positions.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 2 to 5 lakhs per annum.

Food Technologist

Food science professional, innovate in food production, quality control, safety, and create tasty, nutritious products.

Food Technologists play a vital role in ensuring the safety and quality of food products. They are responsible for various tasks, including developing new food items, improving food processing techniques, and conducting tests to ensure compliance with food safety regulations. Food technologists often find employment with food manufacturers, working in research and development or quality assurance. In this field, you might create new recipes, devise methods to extend product shelf life, or analyze the nutritional content of food products. Typically, a degree in food science or a related field, such as a B.Tech. in Food Technology, is necessary.

Qualification: Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) in Food Technology.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 3 to 5 lakhs per annum.

Marine Biologist

Ocean life scientist, study marine organisms, ecosystems, and conservation, contributing to understanding and preserving marine environments.

Marine Biologists specialize in the study of marine organisms, their behaviors, and their interactions within marine environments. This field encompasses a wide range of topics, from marine habitat conservation to the effects of pollutants on marine life. Opportunities for Marine Biologists can be found in research institutes, environmental consultancies, marine parks, and aquariums. Some may even embark on fieldwork, exploring the depths of the sea aboard research vessels and uncovering new species. A profound fascination with marine life, a solid background in biology, and additional specialized studies in marine biology are typically prerequisites for this career.

Qualification: Typically begins with a B.Sc. in Marine Biology, followed by advanced studies like M.Sc. and Ph.D. for research-oriented roles.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 4 to 6 lakhs per annum.

Forensic Scientist

Forensic expert, analyze evidence, solve crimes, provide crucial information for investigations, justice, and legal proceedings.

Forensic Scientists have a dynamic and rewarding career where they apply scientific methods to gather, preserve, and analyze evidence during investigations. Specializations within this field may include DNA analysis, toxicology, or digital forensics. The information they uncover plays a critical role in assisting law enforcement in solving crimes. Attention to detail and precision are essential, as their findings can have a significant impact on legal cases. Typically, a strong foundation in chemistry, biology, or physics, combined with specialized training in forensic science, is required.

Qualification: Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Forensic Science.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 3 to 6 lakhs per annum.

Medical Writer/ Science Writer

Professional writer, convey complex medical or scientific topics, communicate research findings, and inform the public.

Medical and Science Writers play a crucial role in simplifying complex scientific information for a broader audience. Their tasks involve communicating about new research discoveries, creating educational materials, crafting content for pharmaceutical companies, or reporting on medical news. Proficiency in writing is essential for success in this profession, along with a solid grasp of scientific and medical concepts. While many medical writers have a background in science or medicine, some also possess additional skills in journalism or communication.

Qualification: Typically, a Bachelor’s degree in any science discipline with strong writing skills is the foundation; specialized courses in medical or science writing can be advantageous.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 2 to 5 lakhs per annum.

Occupational Therapist

Healthcare professional, improve daily functioning, enhance quality of life, assist patients in regaining independence and mobility.

Occupational Therapists (OTs) play a pivotal role in assisting individuals of all ages in overcoming disabilities resulting from illness, aging, or accidents. They collaborate with clients to enhance their capacity to perform everyday tasks in their living and working environments. OTs aid people facing physical, developmental, or emotional challenges in achieving independence in tasks such as self-care, work, and leisure activities. Their work may involve teaching an elderly person with arthritis household tasks, assisting a stroke survivor in relearning speech and mobility skills, or supporting a child with dyslexia in a classroom setting. Becoming an Occupational Therapist typically requires earning a Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT) degree and gaining practical experience.

Qualification: Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT).

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 2 to 5 lakhs per annum.

X-ray Technician

Radiology specialist, operate imaging equipment, capture X-ray images, assist in diagnosing medical conditions, vital in healthcare.

X-ray Technicians, also known as Radiologic Technologists, play a pivotal role in the medical field by utilizing radiologic technology like X-rays and CT scans to generate images of patients’ internal structures. These images are essential for physicians in diagnosing and treating various medical conditions and injuries. To pursue a career as an X-ray Technician, one usually completes a diploma or associate degree program in radiologic technology and obtains the necessary professional licensure.

Qualification: Typically involves earning a Diploma in Radiography or a B.Sc. in Medical Imaging Technology.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 2 to 4 lakhs per annum.

Botanist

Plant scientist, study plant life, taxonomy, ecology, conservation, and contribute to understanding and preserving our natural world.

Botanists are scientists dedicated to the study of plants, covering various aspects including growth, diseases, structure, metabolism, and reproduction. Their work can involve field research to observe plants in their natural habitats, laboratory experiments to cultivate plants under controlled conditions, and the classification of different plant species. The knowledge gathered by botanists serves multiple purposes, from enhancing crop quality to preserving endangered plant species and remediating polluted areas. To embark on a career as a botanist, one typically begins with a Bachelor’s degree in botany, plant science, biology, or a related field. Many botanists further their education with advanced degrees.

Qualification: Generally involves a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Botany, followed by advanced studies such as M.Sc. and Ph.D. for research-oriented positions.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 2 to 4 lakhs per annum.

Zoologist

Animal biologist, research animal behavior, ecology, and conservation, contributing to our understanding and protection of wildlife.

Zoologists are dedicated to the study of animals and their ecosystems. Their work involves observing animals in their natural habitats and in controlled laboratory settings to gain insights into animal behavior, origins, genetics, diseases, and life processes. Zoologists often specialize in specific animal groups, such as birds (ornithologists), mammals (mammalogists), or reptiles and amphibians (herpetologists). Typically, a Bachelor’s degree in zoology or a related field serves as the minimum requirement for entry-level positions in this field. However, advanced research roles usually necessitate the attainment of a Master’s or Doctorate degree.

Qualification: Typically starts with a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Zoology, followed by advanced studies like M.Sc. and Ph.D. for research-focused positions.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 2 to 5 lakhs per annum.

Biomedical Engineer

Innovative engineer, design medical devices, systems, and solutions, merging engineering and healthcare for improved patient care.

Biomedical Engineers operate at the intersection of engineering, life sciences, and healthcare, where they create and construct groundbreaking devices like artificial organs, prosthetic limbs, and medical imaging equipment. They are also involved in software development for medical tools and computer simulations to evaluate new drug treatments. Additionally, they play a role in managing technology within healthcare settings. Typically, a Bachelor’s degree in biomedical engineering, bioengineering, or a related engineering field is necessary to pursue this career.

Qualification: Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Biomedical Engineering.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 3 to 7 lakhs per annum.

Public Health Specialist

Dedicated to community health, analyze data, develop strategies, and implement programs to enhance public well-being.

Public Health Specialists are dedicated to enhancing the health and well-being of entire communities or populations. Their responsibilities encompass planning, executing, and assessing programs aimed at improving public health, preventing diseases, and advocating healthy lifestyles. They also engage in research and contribute to the development of public health policies. Public Health Specialists typically find employment with government agencies, non-profit organizations, or academic institutions. While a Bachelor’s degree in public health, social sciences, or a related field serves as a foundation, many positions require the attainment of a Master’s in Public Health (MPH) or a similar graduate degree for advanced opportunities.

Qualification: Generally begins with a Bachelor’s degree in Public Health, social sciences, or a related field; Master’s in Public Health (MPH) is often pursued for enhanced career prospects.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 3 to 6 lakhs per annum.

Environmental Scientist

Environmental expert, study ecosystems, pollution, conservation, and sustainable practices, aiming to protect and preserve nature.

Environmental Scientists apply their expertise in the natural sciences to safeguard the environment and human well-being. Their roles may involve activities like environmental cleanup, providing guidance to policymakers, or collaborating with industries to reduce waste and mitigate environmental impacts. They also conduct studies and assessments, examining scenarios such as the potential effects of proposed construction projects. Environmental Scientists can find opportunities in various sectors, including government, research, consulting, and advocacy. Typically, a Bachelor’s degree in environmental science, biology, chemistry, or a related field is required for entry-level positions.

Qualification: Typically begins with a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Environmental Science, followed by advanced studies like M.Sc. and Ph.D. for research-oriented positions.

Average Salary in India: Typically ranges from INR 2 to 5 lakhs per annum.

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